What you need to know about the season of food poisoning

Contribution: Rachna Aryan

Introduction

Summer here and with rising temperatures the likelihood of food poisoning increases.

One of the biggest reasons is that warm and humid weather provides a fertile environment for the growth of harmful pathogens – including bacteria, viruses and parasites – or their toxins.

Some common microorganisms that cause food poisoning are Salmonella, Listeria, Toxoplasma, E. coli. E. coli and norovirus.

In addition to warm temperatures, the lack of food safety controls during food preparation is further exacerbated Risk of food contamination.

This makes outdoor meals especially troublesome without proper variables.

So it is important to be extra careful in summer as compared to other seasons of the year.

What is food poisoning?

In short, Food poisoning is a broad term for illness caused by eating food contaminated by bacteria, viruses or parasites.

Foods that are commonly associated with pathogens include chicken, raw meat, street vendors, sun-pasteurized milk, and unrefined water.

What are the symptoms of food poisoning?

Symptoms of foodborne illness can manifest themselves within hours, days, or even weeks of eating contaminated food. Symptoms are marked by:

    • Stomach obstruction
    • Feeling sick
    • Abdominal pain
    • Fever
    • Vomiting
    • Feeling of discomfort and fatigue
    • Diarrhea

What steps should I take to eliminate food poisoning?

Treatment of food poisoning will depend on factors such as your symptoms, age and general health.

Although in most cases it gets better within a week without any treatment, many cases of food poisoning can be very dangerous, especially for older, pregnant women. Weak immune system And those who are going for chemotherapy or radiation.

If food poisoning is severe, you may need specialized treatment which includes:

  • Replace lost fluid: Your body’s fluid and electrolyte balance – minerals such as sodium, potassium, and calcium that keep your body hydrated – can be severely lost in chronic diarrhea and vomiting. It can call for hospitalization, intravenous salt and fluid intake and prevention or treatment of dehydration.
  • Antibiotics: To treat food poisoning caused by bacteria or parasites, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and / or give you IV fluids to rehydrate your body.

Lifestyle and home remedies

In many cases, people infected with food poisoning will show only very mild symptoms that can be resolved and treated at home without treatment. To prevent dehydration when you recover, try the following:

  • For the first few hours after the onset of symptoms, stop eating and let your stomach settle.
  • After an episode of food poisoning, slowly resume meals with small amounts of smooth, fat-free foods and hydrating drinks.
  • Drink water, broth, sports drink or oral rehydration solution to replace the minerals you lose with vomiting and diarrhea. Suck ice chips to facilitate mild dehydration.
  • Eat some fermented foods like yogurt to replace the beneficial intestinal bacteria lost during illness.
  • You can recover from foodborne illness through probiotic or healthy bacterial foods and supplements.
  • Gradually start eating smooth, low-fat, easily digestible foods such as apples, toast, bananas and rice that are easily digested.
  • Stay away from dairy foods, caffeine, alcohol, bubble or fizzy drinks and certain foods and substances like fatty or high-fat foods – these can cause heartburn and worsen diarrhea-related symptoms.
  • Lack of body fluids can make you weak and tired and can sometimes cause irregular heartbeats. So get enough rest to cure your body from food poisoning.
  • According to some experts, taking over-the-counter medications can help you recover faster. Other doctors, however, believe that it is better to let the illness go its way than to try to stop nausea and diarrhea by using over-the-counter medications. Alluring, avoid over-the-counter medications to stop your diarrhea.

The latest thought

Food poisoning is an unpleasant disorder that should be resolved within a few days.

You should consult your doctor if you have severe symptoms, such as bloody stools, dizziness, muscle weakness, and severe abdominal cramping.

Your doctor will perform a physical examination, look for signs of dehydration, and recommend diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, stool culture or parasite tests, to identify the cause and confirm the diagnosis.

No matter how mild your symptoms are, it is best to have a stomach exam, which can help determine the presence of food poisoning in childhood, thus ensuring timely medical intervention and a speedy recovery.

Book a complete stomach exam today!

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