Two simple diagnostic tests for kidney health screening

Contribution: Rachna Aryan

Introduction

Your kidneys are important because they act as the body’s filter system.

They work with the rest of your body to help you live a healthier life.

When the kidneys fail, many life-changing problems can occur.

Therefore, the sooner you know about the health of your kidneys, the sooner you can take steps to protect them.

What does your kidney do?

Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that sit just below your ribs on the back of your abdomen.

A healthy kidney is vital for your well-being. They help your body filter waste products and expel them as urine.

Your Kidney Key Players:

    • Your control Blood pressure
    • Creating the red blood cells needed to carry oxygen throughout your body
    • Its inactive form conversion Vitamin D In its active form
    • Maintains balance of salt, potassium and acid levels in the body

Why should you have a kidney function test?

Some conditions, e.g. Diabetes Or high blood pressure (hypertension), can damage the blood vessels in your kidneys and have a detrimental effect on kidney health.

If you suffer from one of these conditions, your doctor may use kidney function tests to diagnose your kidney problems.

You may also need a kidney function test if you have symptoms that indicate a possible kidney problem:

    • Blood in your urine
    • Painful urination
    • Urge to urinate frequently

What kind of kidney function test?

Kidney examination is a simple procedure that uses blood or urine to help diagnose kidney problems.

Kidney function tests evaluate how effectively your kidneys are removing waste and excess fluid from your system.

Know your kidney number. Your kidney number includes 2 tests:

    • ACR (albumin to creatinine ratio)
    • GFR (glomerular filtration rate)

Urine test – ACR

ACR means “Creatinine ratio to albumin“This test measures the amount of albumin (a type of protein) in your urine.

Albumin is a common type of protein found in the blood. High levels of albumin in the urine (called proteinuria) can indicate that your kidneys are not filtering blood properly.

This can be one of the earliest symptoms of kidney disease. If your urine test for protein is positive, a follow-up test should be done to confirm the results.

Three positive results in three months or less is an indication of kidney disease.

Blood tests to estimate your GFR.

This test measures how well your kidneys are doing their job and how fast waste is being removed.

A A simple blood test for chronic kidney disease is a simple blood test called GFR.

This test calculates the filtration rate of creatinine, a waste product that comes from normal wear and tear in the muscles of the body.

When the kidneys are damaged, they have trouble getting creatinine out of your blood.

The GFR number gives your doctor an indication of how well your kidneys are working to clear your blood.

Normal GFR levels may vary with age (it may decrease with age).

If your GFR is low, this is an indicator that your kidneys are not working as well as they should.

The latest thought

Your kidney is one of the most active organs in the body.

It is important to keep these small organs healthy, as most people with primary kidney disease do not have symptoms at the very last stage.

That is why it is important to do it Check your kidneys regularly.

If you are concerned about the health of your kidneys, or you are at risk of kidney disease due to high blood pressure, or diabetes, have a genetic predisposition to kidney failure, or are over 60 years of age, this is important to find. Annual tests are performed for kidney disease.

Your nephrologist can help you decide on a treatment plan that best suits your needs.

Get your kidneys tested today!

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