Contribution: Rachna Aryan
As women get older, they experience a variety of health problems.
If an underlying health condition exists, regular screening guarantees an early diagnosis – when it is most likely to be treatable – and then saves you from extensive treatment.
Consider it similar to the regular maintenance check you do on your car to make sure it works properly.
Despite age-specific healthcare recommendations, make a resolution to be proactive about your health, especially when you reach 40.
The importance of regular health check-ups at 40
About 5% of women between 40 and 45 years of age experience the symptoms of early menopause.
Premature menopause affects 1% of women before the age of 40.
Menopause can also be caused by ovarian removal surgery, cancer therapy such as radiation or chemotherapy, or autoimmune disease.
Here is a list of easily followed health screening checklists for women over 40, ranging from pelvic exams and Pap smears to extensive breast exams.
Screening for diabetes and high blood pressure
Because High blood pressure While it can have a significant impact on a woman’s lifelong health, leading to long-term complications (pregnancy, postpartum and lactation, and menopause), regular checkups are recommended.
Blood sugar test, HbA1C And lipid profiles are recommended for the diagnosis of diabetes, pre-diabetes and related conditions.
These tests are especially recommended if you are overweight or have risk factors, such as a family history of heart disease, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, and prolonged use of medications such as steroids or contraceptives.
Pap smear and pelvic examination
Cervical cancer is the leading cause of death among most Indian women and is second only to breast cancer.
As the incidence of cervical cancer increases, Pap smears and HPV tests are usually recommended.
These tests can easily detect the early onset of the disease. In addition, a complete pelvic examination should be performed to check the condition of the uterus, tubes, and ovaries, and in the early stages, fibroids / endometrial polyps / cancer / ovarian cysts / masses should be selected.
Breast cancer The second leading cause of death for most women.
However, many women do not get themselves screened for it. As the risk of breast cancer increases with age, it is recommended that every woman over the age of 40 should have an annual mammogram.Ultrasonography For breast cancer screening.
A clinical examination of the breast by a qualified physician is required to detect abnormalities that may be missed by regular self-examination.
The breast is examined for breast pain, nipple discharge or a clear mass.
BRCA mutation tests are recommended for susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer, especially if there is a family history of breast cancer.
Bone density screening
Women over the age of 40 are more prone to osteoporosis than men.
It is associated with a decrease in estrogen levels, which plays a protective role in women’s bones.
Osteoporosis is a common bone loss disorder in women where important minerals such as calcium are excreted from the bones, making them weak and fragile.
Because women have lower bone density at birth than men, they lose bone mass faster as they age, leading to osteoporosis in 80% of women.
Bone mineral density test, DEXA scan It covers your spine, buttocks, and wrists and is usually recommended for women once every 5 years after the age of 35.
Weight gain, hair loss, brittle nails and fatigue are just some of the common complaints in women over 40.
Due to thyroid disease it produces too much or too little of the hormones T3, T4 and TSH responsible for regulating the body’s metabolism.
Women are at higher risk for thyroid dysfunction due to high hormone flow during pregnancy and again during menopause.
After the age of 40, women should a Thyroid test Is done every three years.
The latest thought
Some conditions like cancer, diabetes and heart disease can run in the family, which increases your chances of getting it.
So it is advisable to be active towards your health by choosing regular health check-ups and stay healthy, sharp, more energetic and more fulfilling for the coming year.
Book a complete physical health exam today!
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